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English Bulldogs are very special dogs. The Bulldog today is bred to be a loyal and loving companion. They are unique in many ways and although they require special attention, they repay you in many wonderful ways.

Breed History
The Bulldog's origin is somewhat undocumented and unverifiable. However, the Bulldog is one of the few breeds that are emblematic of a nation, and there is little doubt that a species resembling the Bulldog has existed for centuries in England. Because of their courage and apparent capacity to endure pain, Bulldogs were shamelessly exploited for many years in the sports of bull-baiting, bear-baiting and dog fighting. Early Bulldogs were powerful, ferocious animals, ideally suited for these cruel sports. When bull fighting and bull-baiting were banned in 1835, Bulldogs were in danger of extinction until a small group of Englishmen dedicated themselves to preserving this exceptional breed. After decades of selective breeding, the Bulldog's temperament has been thoroughly transformed from that of a fighter to the lovable and gentle companion we know today. This Bulldog disposition is the main reason he has had a part in producing so many other breeds – from the Boston Terrier to the Bullmastiff.

Breed Facts
The Bulldog is a medium-sized dog that weighs about 55 pounds and stands about 15 inches at the shoulder. Not your typical lap dog, though they would like to be. They are affectionate and loyal, and they thrive best when treated as members of the family. Their coat is short, smooth and glossy. Shedding occurs with changes in the seasons and is quite common during the spring and fall. Coat should be brushed frequently to remove dead hair. Their ears are folded back exposing the inside of the burr. They are never trimmed or surgically altered. The tail may be either straight or screwed. Screw tails that fit tightly to the body of adults often become irritated and can become infected when not cleaned regularly. The tail is never docked. Toenails should be trimmed at regular intervals to prevent foot problems. Dewclaws are not removed. A mild shampoo is recommended for both puppies and adults. Facial wrinkles require frequent cleaning. Heavy wrinkles should always be kept clean and dry to prevent irritation and infection. A Bulldog should never be picked up by its front legs and shoulders. Serious injuries can result. Pick the Bulldog up by placing one hand behind its front legs and one hand if front of its hind legs. Bulldogs are easily overheated and subject to heat exhaustion. An air-conditioned environment is highly recommended.

Training
House training and bonding with puppies should begin immediately. The use of a crate can facilitate this process. It is good to take the puppy outside immediately after eating and when waking up from a nap or a night's sleep. Daily leash and collar training should also begin right away. The Bulldog is very intelligent and tends to do his own thinking. Training is most successful when begun at an early age with elaborate praise and rewards given for good behavior.